He who solves the money [banking] question will do more for the world than all professional soldiers of the history —- Shri Henrybhai Ford
(Author’s notes : (1) A separate booklet on rupee manufacturing in India will discuss the contents of this chapter in detail and will be placed at http://rahulmehta.com/manufacturing_rupees.htm. (2) The reader is requested to have a paper, ball pen and calculator while reading this chapter.)
Download this chapter 23 : http://www.righttorecall.info/301.pdf
23.1 Who manufactures rupees (M3) in India ?
In common understanding, word “rupee” means currency notes in pockets, currency notes in safe, balance in chequing accounts, balance in savings accounts, fixed deposits, plus accrued interests etc. What we commonly refer as “rupees” is what RBI refers as M3. Now please read further only after answering the following question
The Question : Lets say we add all rupees in everyone’s pockets, accounts etc, and then divide this “total number of rupees” by India’s population to get per capita rupee (M3) amount. Then what was the per capita rupee amount in Apr-1951 , Apr-2004 and per capita rupee amount today, say Apr-2010?
Just give a guess, and only after giving a guess, please read further. Please do not read further before giving a guess to the above question.
23.2 Rupees (M3) manufactured between Jan-1951 and Dec-2008
Pls take a look at the following
|Description of document||URL to the document|
|1||my own estimate of approx month-wise population of India from 1951-2010||http://rahulmehta.com/indian_population.pdfhttp://rahulmehta.com/data.001.pdf|
|2||for Apr-1951, Apr-2004||http://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/Publications/PDFs/69110.pdf|
|4||GDP in 1951-2009||http://rahulmehta.com/annual_gdp.pdf|
|5||types of rupees and amount||http://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/Publications/PDFs/69111.pdf|
From the above documents we get following data
|1||population of India||36.16 cr||118.30 cr||doc-1, apr51 rowdoc-1, apr10 row|
|2||rupee volume in India||Rs. 2330 cr||Rs. 55,79,567 cr||doc-2, row1doc-3, table7|
|3||per citizen rupee||Rs. 64||Rs. 47,164||divide (2) by (1)|
|4||change in rupee volume in 60 years||730 times||Rs 47164/ Rs 65|
|5||GDP of India (1999 price)||Rs. 236,067 cr||Rs. 39,70,367 cr||see doc-4 (add 9% on 2009)|
|6||per citizen GDP, per year||Rs. 6,528||Rs. 33,400||divide (5) by (1)|
|7||change in per capita GDP in 60 years||5.2 times|
1. The total rupee in apr-1951 was about Rs 65 per citizen of India
2. So many M3 rupees were manufactured by RBI (and may be others) between apr-1951 and apr-2010, that the total rupee in Apr-2010 was about Rs 47,164 per citizen, increase of 730 times. Please note – it is not increase by 730%, but increase by 730 times or 73000%. And these numbers are on per capita basis, and thus population increase of 4 times has been already factored in.
3. The increase in per capita GDP from 1951 to 2010 has been less than 5.3 times.
4. So RBI (and others) increased rupee volume by 730 times even when goods had increased only by 5.3. times per citizen.
5. This is the only main reason why prices have increased.
I request reader to realize what 730 times growth in rupee volume means. It means every rupee note of 1951 has been replaced by one 500-rupee note and two 100-rupee notes, and plus three 10-rupee notes. And this is on per citizen basis. Given that population has increased by about 3.7 times, net increase in rupee volume is about 2400 times. IOW, RBI has replaced each rupee note of 1951 by two 1000-rupee notes and four 100-rupee notes !!
Let me pose a scenario before you reader. Say RBI revokes existing currency and issues new currency. Say RBI withdraws every 1 rupee note and gives new 10 rupee note, withdraws every 5 rupee notes and issues new Rs 50 note etc. Then will the prices of goods such as milk or bread remain the same? Common sense says that prices will also overnight increase by 10 times. Same way, RBI Governor has increased the rupee volume by 730 times per capita basis and about 2400 times in total since Apr-1951 to Apr-2010. And so prices have gone several 100 times.
There are 100s of paid-economists working round the clock churning out all nonsense theories on why the prices have increased. But the only main reason is that per capita rupee manufactured by RBI and other banks is so high, that rupee volume in 2010 is now 720 times the rupee volume that was in 1951. While supply of goods on per capita basis has increased by less than 5.5 times. And so prices have increased over 100 times in past 60 years.
Lets compare years Apr-2004 and apr-2010.
|1||population of India||108.07 cr||118.30 cr||doc-1, apr51 rowdoc-1, apr10 row|
|2||rupee volume in India||Rs. 20,60,153 cr||Rs. 55,79,567 cr||doc-2, apr04 rowdoc-3, table7|
|3||per citizen rupee||Rs. 18,947||Rs. 47,164||divide (2) by (1)|
|4||change in rupee volume in 6 years||2.5 times||Rs 47164 /Rs 19847|
|7||change in per capita GDP in 6 years||0.5 times|
6. Rupee volume in Apr-2004 was about Rs 18,900 per citizen.
7. Too many rupees were manufactured by RBI and other banks between Apr-2004 and Apr-2010, and so rupee volume in Apr-2010 increased to about Rs 47,000/- per citizen., an increase of 1.5 times or 150%.
8. The real GDP increase in these 6 years was less than 50%
9. So the prices of most things doubled or tripled. And prices of some things such as land etc went 2 to 10 times
IOW, the prices of grain, pulses, land etc increased in past 6 years. The most important reason behind price rise is that RBI Governor and Chairmen of other banks manufactured huge volumes of rupees. Every rupee note of apr-2004 is now in apr-2010 replaced with two 1-rupee note and one 50 paise coin. A large number of economists are liars and they tell us all sorts of fancy reasons like global recession as reason or tell us increase in oil price as a reason and so forth. All these reasons are fake fraud and phony. The only main reason is rampant manufacturing of Indian rupees. If RBI Governor had kept rupee manufacturing under control, then there would have been no significant price rise. We will examine the motives behind RBIG and FinMin later. Which is why we citizens must have procedure to expel RBI Governor. Because if we citizens have no way to expel RBI Governor, then he will go berserk and manufacture so much rupees, that prices of everything will shoot by several hundreds of times.
23.3 Who all in India manufacture rupees (M3) ?
Based on the data from RBI, I showed that some agencies in India manufactured so many rupees between 1951 to 2010 that rupee volume increase from Rs 65 per citizen in Apr-1951 to Rs 18,900 per citizen in Apr-2004 to Rs 47,000 per citizen in Apr-2010. So now the question comes : who manufactures all these rupees in India? Is RBI the sole agency in India or are there other agencies in India who are empowered to manufacture rupees as well? Lets examine the 5 documents I listed in the first table in this chapter again.
From the above document mentioned in first table in this chapter, we see
|1||rupee (M3) in apr-2010||Rs. 55,79,567 cr||doc-3, table-7, row-1|
|2||population in apr-2010||118.30 cr||doct-1, see entry for apr-10|
|3||Per citizen rupees in apr-2010||Rs. 47,164||divide (1) by (2)|
|4||rupee notes manufactured by RBI from 1934 till Apr-2010||Rs. 8,20,219 cr||doc-3, table-1, row-1|
|5||per capita rupee notes manufactured by RBI till apr-10||Rs. 6400||divide (4) by (2)|
|6||rupees manufactured by RBI in form of deposits till apr-2010||Rs. 356,084 cr||doc-3, table-8, rows-4,5|
|7||per capita rupee manufactured by RBI till apr-10 in form of deposits||Rs. 3010||divide (6) by (2)|
|8||Per capita rupee manufactured by RBI till apr-10 in form of notes plus deposits||Rs. 9410||add (5) and (7)|
|9||coins issued by Finance Ministry||Rs. 10910 cr||doc-3, table-8, row-15|
|10||Per capita coins issued||Rs. 92||divide (9) by (2)|
|11||Per citizen manufactured by RBI till apr-10 in form of notes plus deposits plus coins||Rs. 9502||add (8) and (10)|
Many citizens wrongly think that deposit in RBI is not real rupee while only RBI note is real rupee. This is fallacy and is same as saying that paper share certificate is real while DEMAT account is not real !! We know that paper share certificate has same voting rights or values as paper certificate shares. Same way, the deposit in RBI is as real as RBI notes.
RBI manufactures rupees(M3) in two forms – one is RBI notes in paper form which can be carried by citizens and another is deposit in RBI account. RBI can print notes equal to deposits and give it to the depositor if and when depositors demands. But more often, RBI notes are more than retail transactions need and so RBI does not need to convert its deposit into notes. But so called “deposits in RBI” are same as currency notes for all practical purposes.
So all in all, the total amount of rupees (M3) in India in apr-2010 was Rs 47,000 per citizen while RBI had manufactured only Rs 9410 and Finance Ministry manufactured coins of Rs 90 per citizen. So which agencies manufactured the rest (Rs 47000 – Rs 9410 – Rs 90) = Rs 37500 per citizen
Let me further elaborate by comparing rupee volumes as on apr-2004 and as on apr-2010
|1||population of India||108.07 cr||118.30 cr||doc1, apr51 rowdoc1, apr10 row|
|2||rupee volume in India||Rs. 20,60,153 cr||Rs. 55,79,567 cr||doc2, apr04 rowdoc-3, table7|
|3||rupees per citizen||Rs. 18,947||Rs. 47,194||divide (2) by (1)|
|4||Increase in per capita rupee volume||Rs 28,047|
|5||rupees manufactured by RBI as notes + deposits||Rs. 435,083 cr||Rs. 8,20,219 cr||see doc-2see doc-3|
|6||rupees manufactured by RBI as notes + deposits per citizen||Rs. 4000||Rs. 9400||divide (5) by (1)|
|7||increase in rupees manufactured by RBI as notes + deposits per citizen||Rs. 5400|
IOW, between apr-2004 and apr-2010, RBI had manufactured only Rs 5400 per citizen some in form of notes and some in form of “deposits in RBI”. But total rupees (M3) in citizen’s accounts all over India volume in India had increased by about Rs 28,000 . So this should convince the reader that RBI is not the only agency in India which manufactures Indian rupees (M3). There are other agencies which manufacture Indian rupees though not in the form of currency notes. In fact, RBI has manufactured only about 20% of rupees (M3) that are there in India as of now. The remaining 80% rupees have been manufactured by non-RBI banks.
23.4 Banks such SBI, BoB etc are empowered to manufacture rupees (M3) !!
This may come as surprise to most readers. But MPs in India, via laws, have actually allowed banks such as SBI, BoB to manufacture rupee (M3) in so called passbook form. SBI cannot and will not manufacture rupee in note form – that is something only RBI can do. But SBI can manufacture rupee (M3) in form of passbook balance or fixed deposits. And this is legal. Such banks are called scheduled banks – i.e. banks which have license from RBI to manufacture Indian rupees in passbook form. RRP is the only party who is committed to all citizens of India that SBI, BoB etc banks do manufacture Indian Rupees (M3).
The SBI etc manufacture Indian rupees in form of passbook money. And to put these newly manufactured rupees in circulation, they are allowed to add these newly manufactured rupees to the savings or current or FD account of the person\company who wants loans. How much rupees can SBI manufacture in this fashion? It is equal to about 15 times the rupee notes or RBI deposits that SBI possesses. IOW, if SBI has say Rs 1000 in form of currency notes, then SBI can manufacture about Rs 15000 and add it to the deposit account of the person to whom SBI wants to give loans. SBI needs to have sufficient capital as well to manufacture these Rs 15000.
How many rupees have been manufactured by all non-RBI banks as on apr-2010? Please see first column first row of table-7 and table-8 of document-3. The table-7 shows total rupees manufactured by all banks including India till date. As of apr-2010, it was Rs 5579,567 cr which is Rs 47164 per citizen. The table-8 shows “reserve money” and the term means nothing but rupees manufactured by RBI which was Rs 1155,281 i.e. about Rs 9765 per citizen. So about (Rs 47164 – Rs 9765) = Rs 37,398 has been manufactured by banks other than RBI in months between Apr-2009 and Apr-2010.
Of this how much money was manufactured by SBI? How much money was manufactured by BoB? Well, if you can provide me the balance sheets or closing balances of all banks, I can provide you these answers. The method is as follows : money manufactured by SBI will be approximately = deposits in SBI accounts – RBI rupees in SBI vaults – deposit SBI has in RBI
This is approx number. There are also other factors such as loans taken by SBI, capital owned by SBI etc. A detailed discussion on reading balance sheet of RBI and all banks will be in a separate article on rupee volume in India. But the data given so far should convince the reader that SBI etc do indeed manufacture rupees (M3) in passbook form. RBI does manufacture rupees, but saying that RBI alone manufactures rupees is 20% truth and 80% lie.
Now is rupee manufactured by SBI any different from rupees manufactured by RBI? My answer is : I have asked this question to many economist, and none has been able to show ANY difference between SBI rupee and RBI rupee spare petty retail trades like vegetable buying. And a common wrong argument given is that : if every account holder of SBI goes to SBI to ask form RBI notes for his SBI deposits, then SBI will default. And SBI will not be able to give RBI notes to depositors. This argument is wrong. In all depositors of SBI go to SBI and ask for RBI notes, then FinMin and RBIG have to decide whether they want SBI to default, or whether they want to save SBI. If they want SBI to default, then yes, SBI will surely default. And if they want to save SBI, then RBIG can print required number of RBI notes and dispatch it to SBI against SBI bonds or simply as loan to SBI. So assuming that FinMin, RBIG don’t want SBI to default under any circumstances, rupee in SBI account is as good as RBI notes, spare vegetable buying type petty retail transactions.
23.5 How gives and how gets newly manufactured rupees
RBI can manufacture Indian rupees in form currency notes and deposits on RBI books. RBI manufactures rupees against dollars deposited or against Govt bonds. E.g. when someone deposits dollars in RBI, the RBI may manufacture say Rs 45 and give to that person or bank in which that person has an account. And RBI can manufacture Rs 100 and give it GoI against Rs 100 bond of GoI. All in all, whatever rupees RBI manufactures, the money goes to the one who deposits dollars or GoI. So there little scope of rampant corruption in giving the newly manufactured rupees in RBI.
But when a non-RBI bank such as SBI etc manufactures rupees, it is given as loan to GoI or private entities. As on apr-2010, non-RBI banks have given Rs 14,48,041 cr as loans to Govt and given Rs 34,81,925 cr as loans to private individuals and companies. Putting it other way, non-RBI banks have given Rs 12,240 per citizen of loans to Govt and Rs 29,430 per citizens as loans to The loan given to Govt doesn’t involve any corruption. But loan given to private entities may involve corruption and in large loans where-in no collateral is taken, corruption is very likely. And corruption is often the reason why bank chairmen, IAS in Finance Ministry, Finance Ministers etc are always eager to manufacture more and more rupees (M3) and give it in form of loans. Many of these loans given to private entities do not come back, or create Ponzi Schemes, where in old loans are repaid only after new loans are issued. In case the loan is not repaid, then banks need to manufacture more money so that depositors can be repaid. And even when new loans have to be given to a borrower so that he can repay the old loans, the banks need to manufacture rupees to issue new loans continuously. In any case, as newly manufactured rupees go out in circulation,
23.6 How manufacturing rupee is stealing wealth
Most economists insists that citizens should not interfere into RBI’s affairs and let RBI manufacture as much rupees it wants. And they outrightly deny that when bank manufacture new rupees will decrease the value of existing rupees will decrease. This is matter of personal opinion only. As far as I see, every newly manufactured rupee decreases the value of existing rupee by pr-rata. I.e. if rupee supply is sat Rs 20000 per citizen and if RBI (and other banks) manufacture rupee M3 worth Rs 20000 per citizen in that year, then value of rupee becomes almost half and half the wealth of those who had rupees passed into the hands of those who got newly manufactured rupees. To exact, consider following actual numbers
|1||population of India||116.86 cr||118.30 cr||doc1, apr09 rowdoc1, apr10 row|
|2||rupee volume in India||Rs. 48,58,917 cr||Rs. 55,79,567 cr||doc3, table7doc3, table7|
|3||rupees per citizen||Rs. 41,587||Rs. 47,164||divide (2) by (1)|
|4||increase in per capita rupee volume||Rs 5,585||Rs 47,164 –Rs 41,587|
|5||% increase in per capita rupee volume||13.4%|
So between apr-2009 and apr-2010, RBI Governor, SBI Chairman, and senior staff of other banks, with blessings from FinMin and PM manufactured rupees equal to about 14% of rupees in apr-2009. And after manufacturing these rupees, some 40% of newly manufactured were give to Govt and rest were given to private entities. These newly manufactured 14% rupees were nothing but stealing about 14% of the rupees of those who held rupees in apr-2009. Even if one subtracts some 6% interest one typically gets, it is still a theft of 8%. So rupee manufacturing is stealing rupees from rupee holders and giving it to persons who have connections with bank chairmen, Finance Minister officers, PM, FinMin etc.
The rupee manufacturing benefits the people who have close connections with directors, chairman etc banks, RBI, Finance Ministry and PMO. And it would also benefit those who have links with powerful lawyers in Supreme Court, and many loan related cases land in litigations and the lawyers who have good name before judges will always play important role. All in all, rupee manufacturing robs the wealth of those who are politically less connected and passes the wealth to those who are politically well connected. It need not be vote-magnets, but people who control vote-magnets via their control over banks, police, courts and media.
How can we stop this loot? One of my goal at RRP is to enact procedure by which we citizens can expel/replace RBI Governor and SBI Chairman, and thus bring rupee manufacturing under the control of citizens. This will reduce the loot via rupee manufacturing.
23.7 So the real reasons behind price rise
The price rise is only because RBI (and other banks) manufacture rupees far more than real growth rate of the real economy. The growth rate is exaggerated because inflation index is under-reported, and under reporting is done by excluding the prices of land (as if now one needs land). The newly manufactured rupees decrease the value of existing rupees, and in all ways, it is equivalent to taking away rupees of rupee-holders. The price rise is result of this massive rupee-manufacturing only.
So why don’t FinMin, PM etc reduce rupee manufacturing? Because elitemen in India want rupees, and getting rupees via revenue is too hard for them, as most elitemen are void of technical skills needed to earn rupees via revenue. So they prefer easy way – just manufacture them, and take it as loan at much lower interest. And many don’t even repay, and so banks need to manufacture more rupees. So if PM/FinMin ask RBIG, SBIC etc to stop rupee manufacturing, then the elitemen will not get rupees to keep their positions at top.
Will industries stop functioning if banks stop rupee manufacturing? NO. As of now, banks manufacture rupees and give it to the people who have connections with banks, and they purchase land, goods etc and run industries. If banks stop manufacturing rupees and giving it to these industry owners, then prices of these goods etc drop and so industries will run with lesser amount of rupees, but material volume will not be effected. Then what will be the change? The change is that control over industry will pass from those connected with banks to those who are unconnected with banks. IOW, the control over industry will pass to those who have technical know how rather than just political connections. To keep the control is the only reason why elitemen need banks to manufacture more and more money. This newly manufactured passbook rupees (m3) were given out in form of new loans. Please note – new loans, not issuance of loans from the rupees repaid from previous loans. RBI officers dont give data on which persons got how much of newly manufactured Rupees, but most of these newly manufactured rupees first go to top 0.1% of Indian population, and some half the Rupees go to the top 500000 wealthy individuals of India as loan. IOW, top 0.1% of Indian population got a big chunk of Rs 750,000 crores manufactured in year 2008 merely by “promise to pay”.
23.8 Solution-1 : Right to Recall RBI Governor
The draft of the proposed procedure is as below . Now please note — my proposal is not that we will come into power and print following draft in the Gazette. My proposal is to raise mass-movement to convince PM to print the TCP draft in the Gazette and collect citizens’ opinion on whether following draft should be printed in the Gazette :
The summary of the proposed law-draft is as follows:
1. Any citizen of India can pay a deposit same as MP election to the PM’s secretary and register himself as a candidate for RBIG (Reserve Bank of India’s Governor).
2. Any citizen of India can walk to Talati’s office, pay Rs 3 fee , approve five persons for RBIG position. The Talati will give a receipt with his voter-id#, persons he approved etc.
3. A citizen can cancel his approvals any day as well.
4. The Talati will put the preferences of the citizen on district’s website with citizen’s voter-ID number and his preferences.
5. If a candidate gets approval of over 50% of ALL registered voters (ALL, not just those who have filed their approval) then PM may expel the existing RBIG and appoint the person with highest approval as RBIG.
In addition, citizens should also enact RTR-SBIC so that SBI does not manufacture money en-masse. The draft of RTR-SBIC is similar to RTR-RBIG.
23.9 Solution-2 : Changes in deposits and lending system
I at RRP propose the following changes in currency system..
Citizens’ Rupee System
1. Enact procedure by which citizens can replace Chairman of RBI, SBI
2. Merge all Govt banks with SBI.
3. Confine all Govt banks to fund transfer and storage.
4. Reduce the role of Govt banks in loans. The Govt banks shall give un-guaranteed loans ONLY to citizens, and not companies, and less than Rs 200,000 per person at interest of 8% to those who qualify.
5. Govt banks will give loans to company only against individuals as guarantors. E.g. if a company wants loan of say Rs 200 cr, it would need to provide 10000 adult guarantors each willing to guarantee Rs 100,000
6. Bailout would need approval of over 51% of all citizen-voters
7. The Govt banks shall only support savings accounts where persons will get 6% interest on minimum balance held in the year. For senior citizens, it will be 8% interest on minimum balance held in the year below Rs 15,00,000 and 4% on amount above Rs 15,00,000. In addition, the interest will be 3% of minimum balance in the month.
8. There will no interest to deposits of trusts and private companies. The companies/trusts who want interest may go to the private banks.
9. The Govt shall insure only the deposits in Govt banks and not in private bank
10. The Govt shall form the Depositor Groups for each private banks to regulate the private banks, and Depositor Group shall supervise the functioning of the Bank. But Govt shall not regulate private banks.
11. RBIG will issue rupees to cover interests and support deficits in Military, Police, Courts, class-I-XII education, health, senior citizen support, disabled support and for no other reason, as approved by the citizens.
12. No manufacturing of rupees without citizen’s approval : Enacting a law-draft that the RBIG shall not increase M3 without over 51% citizens’ registering their YES except for needs of Military and war.
13. No Govt body will be hence forth allowed to take any debt
14. Universal Banking System : Every citizen will have at least one account with SBI at the branch close to his home. All his transactions with Govt etc will be via that bank. and via that account. The account number will be same as his Tax-ID (cum National-ID when National-ID system comes) and same as his Universal Mobile Number and Universal Email Account on GoI domain. Every transaction in this account will be sent as SMS to his mobile.
15. Disputes with Govt Banks will be resolved by Jurors and not the judges
16. Steps to stop underground banking : Govt of India will force every bank in the world including Swiss banks to disclose the wealth of every person in India in that bank
17. National ID system to keep track of accounts.
Converting existing system into Citizens’ Rupee System
18. All FDs owned by individuals will be added to their Savings Account with interests, and those owned by companies etc will be added to their current accounts.
19. Govt shall manufacture rupees to repay all Govt, PSU bonds
20. Interest on all outstanding loans from Govt banks will become 4% and all loans will have to be repaid by 180 monthly installments for housing loans, 48 installments of vehicle loans and 120 monthly installments of all other loans.
21. The late payment penalties will be 8%. The property will be auctioned within 30 to 120 days when unpaid installments exceeds one-forth the principal amount. The auction will be used to pay off the loan and if there is any surplus, the money will be returned to borrower. If there is any deficit, it will be written-off by manufacturing new rupees if the need be.
22. No new loans will be issued against the money repaid in above loans
23.10 Citizens’ Rupee System and Deficit Financing
The above Citizen’s Rupee System does not prohibit govt. from deficit financing. It only insists that such an action would need issuing new Legal Tender, and would need a approval of citizens.
23.11 Main differences between existing system and Citizens’ Rupee System
|Existing Elitemen’s Rupee System||Proposed Citizens’ Rupee System|
|The PM appoints RBI-Governors\Directors. Since the super-rich have nexuses with PM and also have ability to blackmail PM using newspaper/TV, in reality, the super rich decide who will get these jobs. So citizens have no control over RBI-Directors etc.||The PM appoints RBI-Governor\Directors. But citizens, using Approval Filing and Jury Trials, can expel/replace them. So citizens have control over them.|
|The RBI-Governor consults the PM\FinMin and super-rich and issues Rupees. The private bankers also create money from thin air.||RBI-Governors can issue Rupees ONLY after majority of citizens have Approved.|
|The disputes are resolved by judges. Due to continuous proximity with same layers and relative lawyers, the judges develop nexuses us with lawyers and so dispute-resolution favors becomes biased in favor of those who can hire these lawyers. Also Citizens of India have lost faith in judges and Indian judges are too busy and can seldom resolve a case in time.||The disputes are resolved by 12 Jurors (randomly chosen common citizens) who have extreme Hatred against criminals. Also, the lawyers will not be able to form nexuses with Jurors as Jurors change with every trial. Further, Juries can give continuous un-interrupted hearings for days and thus resolve the cases faster.|
23.12 Drafts of Citizen’s Rupee System and other proposed changes
The drafts of the Govt Orders needed to bring Citizen’s Rupee System and other proposed changes is on my website at http://www.rahulmehta.com/improve_currency.htm.
23.13 Government Debt
Does a father have right to make promises on behalf of his son? Or should a father be allowed to create debt for his son? Or rather, does a father have right to sell his son into slavery? If not, government has no rights to do debts. A person’s debt dies with him. A private company’s debt dies with death of the company or its owners and a public company’s debt is NOT shareholder’s liability and does not go to next generation. But the government debt, which is created by officers appointed by TODAY’S individuals, gets carried on the next generation, with huge interest. The government debt is essentially a mechanism by which RBI-heads and owners/controllers of scheduled banks are converting the Indians into their slaves. The internal debt can still be wiped off by inflating the currencies. But what about external debt? Any Finance Minister with even 1% morality would have hesitated in creating debt is foreign currency. Essentially what Manmohan Singh (and other Finance Ministers) have done is told American Bankers’ following “Give me X billion dollars and ours sons will repay. If not, they will be your slaves.” If one has slightest sense of morality, he would reject the concept of government creating debt. We at Right to Recall Party has enact a law-draft that would enable citizens to imprison an officer who takes external or even internal debt and thus put an end to Govt Debt.
23.14 Controlling price rise
The one and only cause of inflation is increase in currency supply. The proposed law-draft puts restriction that RBI cannot increase M3 without permission of over 50% citizens. The cost of obtaining permission will be about Rs 150 cr to Rs 300 cr. So even if citizens are asked 4 times a year, the cost will still be Rs 1200. Is the cost too much? Well, RBI had raised money supply by Rs 750,000 in 12 months in 2007-2008. So the cost of permission is less than 0.5% and is very much acceptable cost.
23.15 Other party’s and intellectuals stand on changing RBI
The leaders of other parties and all intellectuals are simply hostile to increase citizens’ control over RBI Chief and the Rupee Supply System. improve Police Dept. Every party’s leaders have refused to increase the number of policemen. They are openly hostile to procedure by which we commons can replace District Police Chief and insist that Police Chiefs must be imposed from top. They further insist on keep salaries of policemen low so they have to depend on bribery and thus they can be pressurized. The leaders of other parties have also refused to enact Jury System by which citizens can expel policemen. We request all citizens to ask their favorite party’s leaders on what they intend to do on issue of corruption in policemen and decide if they are worth voting for. And we also request activists to ask intellectuals on this issue, and decide if they are worth following.
23.16 How can YOU help in improve RBI and control price rise in India?
Please read chap-13 of this book http://rahulmehta.com/301.htm . It has several steps where-in you can spend 6 hours a week and help to bring TCP draft in Gazette in India. The steps involve distributing pamphlets, informing citizens on motives of leaders such Congress MPs, BJP MPs, The Anna etc who oppose TCP draft, by giving newspaper ads, contesting elections. Once TCP gets printed in Gazette, using TCP, it will become easy for activists to get RTR PM, RTR FinMin, RTR Reserve Bank Governor draft, Citizens’ Legal Tender draft etc in the Gazette within few weeks. This will reduce price increase and rampant printing of currency notes.
1. What was rupee supply (M3) in Jan-1 or any near by date of 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2004, 2008? By what fraction has rupee supply increased in 1951-2008, 1991-2008, 2004-2008 and 2008-2010?
2. What was US’s money supply (M3) in Jan-1 or any near by date of 1951, 1961, 1991, 1992, 2001, 2004, 2008? By what fraction has money supply increased in 1951-2008, 1991-2008, 2004-2008 and 2008-2010?
3. What was currency note volume manufactured by RBI as on Jan-1 or any near by date of 1951, 1961, 1991, 2001, …, 2008? By what fraction has currency volume increased in 1951-2008, 1991-2008, 2004-2008?
4. Who got how much of the M3 that was manufactured between Jan-1-2007 and Dec-31-2007?
5. If the money supply doubles, what will be effect on prices of petrol and other things?
6. With whose permission did RBI create new money?